Internet Gateway: Search tools


  2., formerly the Mining Company, features over 600 "guides" offering original content in various areas. While isn't really a search service, the guides do have extensive links to other sites -- not to mention top-notch content of their own.

  3. Aeiwi

    Not your normal search engine, Aeiwi has you click on words to build your search. Reading the instructions is a must, but they aren't long.


    The name says it all -- links to all search engines, or at least a whole lot!

  7. AltaVista

    AltaVista is consistently one of the largest search engines on the web, in terms of pages indexed. Its comprehensive coverage and wide range of power searching commands makes it a particular favorite among researchers. It also offers a number of features designed to appeal to basic users, such as "Ask AltaVista" results, which come from Ask Jeeves (see below), and directory listings primarily from the Open Directory. AltaVista opened in December 1995. It was owned by Digital, then run by Compaq (which purchased Digital in 1998), then spun off into a separate company which is now controlled by CMGI.

    Search For:  Web Pages  Images  Video  Audio

  9. AOL Search

    AOL Search allows its members to search across the web and AOL's own content from one place. The "external" version, listed above, does not list AOL content. The main listings for categories and web sites come from the Open Directory (see below). Inktomi (see below) also provides crawler-based results, as backup to the directory information. Before the launch of AOL Search in October 1999, the AOL search service was Excite-powered AOL NetFind.

  11. Ask Jeeves

    Ask Jeeves is a human-powered search service that aims to direct you to the exact page that answers your question. If it fails to find a match within its own database, then it will provide matching web pages from various search engines. The service went into beta in mid-April 1997 and opened fully on June 1, 1997. Results from Ask Jeeves also appear within AltaVista.

  13. Audiofind

    Browse by artist or genre, or keyword search for MP3 files.

  15. AudioGalaxy

    Displays site speed and reliability information for each match.

  17. Biocrawler

    Directory and search engine for biological information.

  19. Biolinks

    A search engine for scientists, with links to journals, organizations, companies and more. It spiders the web and has human-categorized results.


    Lets you search through summaries of reports from the leading IT analysts and IT vendor white papers. See what Forrester, Jupiter, Aberdeen, Giga and other analysts have to say on computing and IT topics.

  23. Britannica Internet Guide

    A directory of web sites, from the publishers of Encyclopedia Britannica.

  25. Chemie.DE

    Directory and search engine for information about chemistry. Click on the "search engine" link on the home page to search.

  27. Computer Science Research Papers

    Cora allows you to search for computer science research papers in PostScript format from universities and labs all over the world.

  29. (formerly DejaNews)

    Search USENET news articles posted over the last few years that mention

  31. Diabolos

    European-oriented search engine that also provides global coverage.

  33. Direct Hit

    Direct Hit is a company that works with other search engines to refine their results. It does this by monitoring what users click on from the results they see. Sites that get clicked on more than others rise higher in Direct Hit's rankings. Thus, the service dubs itself a "popularity engine." Direct Hit's technology is currently best seen at HotBot. It also refines results at Lycos and is available as an option at LookSmart and MSN Search. The company also crawls the web and refines this database, which can be viewed via the link above.

  35. DirectoryGuide

    Over 350 search engines and directories, organized into categories. Use the guide to find a likely service for your search, or follow links to post information about your web site.

  37. DisInformation

    "Alternative" publications provide a different spin on news stories and current events than their mainstream cousins. Likewise, DisInformation aims to put an alternative spin on searching for information by listing sites that might be missed elsewhere.

  39. Ditto

    Search or browse to find images on the web. Matches are displayed in thumbnail format. Formerly known as Arriba Vista.

  41. EuroSeek

    A European-based search engine which nonetheless covers the globe. You can choose one of several languages, but that only affects on-screen instructions. It won?t cause results to be translated.

  43. Excite

    Excite is one of the most popular search services on the web. It offers a medium-sized index and integrates non-web material such as company information and sports scores into its results, when appropriate. Excite was launched in late 1995. It grew quickly in prominence and consumed two of its competitors, Magellan in July 1996, and WebCrawler in November 1996. These continue to run as separate services.

  45. EZResult

    Still somewhat in beta, this service has indexed nearly 70 million web pages.

  47. FAST Search

    Formerly called All The Web, FAST Search aims to index the entire web. It was the first search engine to break the 200 million web page index milestone. The Norwegian company behind FAST Search also powers the Lycos MP3 search engine. FAST Search launched in May 1999.

  49. Filez

    Allows searches for files on FTP sites.


    Directory of game sites.

  53. Go / Infoseek

    Go is a portal site produced by Infoseek and Disney. It offers portal features such as personalization and free e-mail, plus the search capabilities of the former Infoseek search service, which has now been folded into Go. Searchers will find that Go consistently provides quality results in response to many general and broad searches, thanks to its ESP search algorithm. It also has an impressive human-compiled directory of web sites. Go officially launched in January 1999. It is not related to GoTo, below. The former Infoseek service launched in early 1995.

    Web  News  Companies  Usenet

  55. GOD (Global Online Directory)

    A directory, not a search engine, but one that is well-known and which has been around since the web's early days. UK-based, but it covers the globe.

  57. GoTo

    Unlike the other search engines, GoTo sells its listings. Companies can pay money to be placed higher in the search results, which GoTo feels improves relevancy. Non-paid results come from Inktomi. GoTo launched in 1997 and incorporated the former University of Colorado-based World Wide Web Worm. In February 1998, it shifted to its current pay-for-placement model and soon after replaced the WWW Worm with Inktomi for its non-paid listings. GoTo is not related to Go, above.

  59. Google

    Google is a search engine that makes heavy use of link popularity as a primary way to rank web sites. This can be especially helpful in finding good sites in response to general searches such as "cars" and "travel," because users across the web have in essence voted for good sites by linking to them.


  61. HotBot

    Like AltaVista, HotBot is another favorite among researchers due to its large index of the web and many power searching features. In most cases, HotBot's first page of results comes from the Direct Hit service (see above), and then secondary results come from the Inktomi search engine, which is also used by other services. It gets its directory information from the Open Directory project (see below). HotBot launched in May 1996 as Wired Digital's entry into the search engine market. Lycos purchased Wired Digital in October 1998 and continues to run HotBot as a separate search service.
    Search the web and show

  63. Inktomi

  64. Originally, there was an Inktomi search engine at UC Berkeley. The creators then formed their own company with the same name and created a new Inktomi index, which was first used to power HotBot. Now the Inktomi index also powers several other services. All of them tap into the same index, though results may be slightly different. This is because Inktomi provides ways for its partners to use a common index yet distinguish themselves. There is no way to query the Inktomi index directly, as it is only made available through Inktomi's partners with whatever filters and ranking tweaks they may apply.

  65. New home for ns and the mailing list at ISI.


    and display page of results in order
    A framed version of this service is available.

  67. iWon

    CBS-backed search engine and directory, powered by Inktomi.

  69. Khoj

    The Great Indian search Engine

  71. LookSmart

    LookSmart is a human-compiled directory of web sites. In addition to being a stand-alone service, LookSmart provides directory results to MSN Search, Excite and many other partners. AltaVista provides LookSmart with search results when a search fails to find a match from among LookSmart's reviews. LookSmart launched independently in October 1996, was backed by Reader's Digest for about a year, and then company executives bought back control of the service.

  73. Lycos

    Lycos started out as a search engine, depending on listings that came from spidering the web. In April 1999, it shifted to a directory model similar to Yahoo. Its main listings come from the Open Directory project, and then secondary results come from either Direct Hit or Lycos' own spidering of the web. In October 1998, Lycos acquired the competing HotBot search service, which continues to be run separately.

  75. Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary


  77. MIDI Explorer

    Allows you to search for MIDI files.


    All things about MP3, including thousands of legal MP3 files.

  81. MSN Search

    Microsoft's MSN Search service is a LookSmart-powered directory of web sites, with secondary results that come from AltaVista. RealNames and Direct Hit data is also made available. MSN Search also offers a unique way for Internet Explorer 5 users to save past searches.

  83. Netscape SearchI

    Netscape Search's results come primarily from the Open Directory and Netscape's own "Smart Browsing" database, which does an excellent job of listing "official" web sites. Secondary results come from Google. At the Netscape Netcenter portal site, other search engines are also featured.

  85. Northern Light

    Northern Light is another favorite search engine among researchers. It features one of the largest indexes of the web, along with the ability to cluster documents by topic. Northern Light also has a set of "special collection" documents that are not readily accessible to search engine spiders. There are documents from thousands of sources, including newswires, magazines and databases. Searching these documents is free, but there is a charge of up to $4 to view them. There is no charge to view documents on the public web -- only for those within the special collection. Northern Light opened to general use in August 1997.

  87. Open Directory

    The Open Directory uses volunteer editors to catalog the web. Formerly known as NewHoo, it was launched in June 1998. It was acquired by Netscape in November 1998, and the company pledged that anyone would be able to use information from the directory through an open license arrangement. Netscape itself was the first licensee. Lycos and AOL Search also make heavy use of Open Directory data, while AltaVista and HotBot prominently feature Open Directory categories within their results pages.

  89. RealNames

    The RealNames system is meant to be an easier-to-use alternative to the current web site addressing system. Those with RealNames-enabled browsers can enter a word like "Nike" to reach the Nike web site. To date, RealNames has had its biggest success through search engine partnerships. In particular, it is strongly featured in results at AltaVista, Go and MSN Search.

  91. Rediff

    From 1996, has evolved, adding numerous features and services along the way to become a complete online service. Today, in addition to news and information, this site offer community features like chat, homepages, and email.


    Guide to search engines, portals, and directories.

  95. Search Engine Watch

    Find all the major search engines; popular meta search engines; MP3 search engines; kid-safe services and much more.

  97. SearchKing

    A searchable directory of web sites. Be warned -- it's often slow.


    Links to various types of search services.

  101. SecureRoot Underground

    Search engine with links about computer security, hacking and the Internet underground.

  103. Snap

    Snap is a human-compiled directory of web sites, supplemented by search results from Inktomi. Like LookSmart, it aims to challenge Yahoo as the champion of categorizing the web. Snap launched in late 1997 and is backed by Cnet and NBC.


    Search for software, shareware and freeware using this metasearch service. It checks at popular sites such as ZDNet HotFiles and Interface in English, French, German and Spanish.

  107. Sourcebank

    Directory of programming resources. Lists Java, C, C++, research papers and online magazine articles.




    Directory of sites related to computing and technology.

  113. The Macintosh Search Engine

    A directory with links to everything Macintosh, including daily software updates, Internet and HTML resources,shareware, troubleshooting, programming, hardware and software vendors,and anything else Mac you can imagine.


    Find video games sites from classic arcade to recent 128 bit console in this directory.

  117. Voila

    Has an index of over 100 million pages worldwide. Produced by France Telecom, powered by Echo and available in a variety of regional editions.

  119. WebCrawler

    WebCrawler has the smallest index of any major search engine on the web -- think of it as Excite Lite. The small index means WebCrawler is not the place to go when seeking obscure or unusual material. However, some people may feel that by having indexed fewer pages, WebCrawler provides less overwhelming results in response to general searches. WebCrawler opened to the public on April 20, 1994. It was started as a research project at the University of Washington. America Online purchased it in March 1995 and was the online service's preferred search engine until Nov. 1996. That was when Excite, a WebCrawler competitor, acquired the service. Excite continues to run WebCrawler as an independent search engine.

  121. WebWombat

    Search engine which lists pages from sites within the .au (Australia) and .nz (New Zealand) domains. It also provides global coverage.

  123. WinFinder

    A search engine exclusively designed for IT professionals involved with Microsoft Windows NT and the BackOffice environment. It has indexed over 2 million related web pages and also has sites organized by category.

  125. Yahoo

    Yahoo is the web's most popular search service and has a well-deserved reputation for helping people find information easily. The secret to Yahoo's success is human beings. It is the largest human-compiled guide to the web, employing about 150 editors in an effort to categorize the web. Yahoo has over 1 million sites listed. Yahoo also supplements its results with those from Inktomi. If a search fails to find a match within Yahoo's own listings, then matches from Inktomi are displayed. Inktomi matches also appear after all Yahoo matches have first been shown. Yahoo is the oldest major web site directory, having launched in late 1994.

Date Modified: 20 July 2000 by Maneesh Agarwal